12-1 [ 1][ 2]


2. ί

ﱹ ϽŶ ô () ڴ () ί̾. ذǾ ί ̸, ̸ 캸ƾ Ѵ.
Ǫ Ǹμ ô ί Ḧ Ѵ.

ȡ ί Դ(õ) ǿ Ѵ.

"() ί  () dz Ͽ."
)-1 ί ûϴ ٷν Դ (̾)Ͽ 縦 ϰ ؿڪ Ҿ ٽ Ӱ ϰ 鼺 Ͽ ٸ ˰Ͽ Ű
( ȡʫ 14,() 11Ҵ 4 1116 A.D)
)-2 뿡 () ް Դ ?()Ͽ Ͽ.
ȴ ί̸ (õҰ) (), ֵ () Ѵ. )-3 ί dz Դ Ͽ.
ί (û) Բ õ ܼ() ˷ ̴.
)-4 ί (â) ݡ()  Ͽ ȿ Ͽ ٥Ҵ ƶ. ( ȡ ֭ 4Ҵ 9 )

ȡ 122 ݩ ϸ ̷ (»籹) ί̾ ڽŵ ֭ۿ κ(ǰļ) Ͽ.
̻ ô뿡 ί Ǿ ̳ Īϴ ̾. ô뿡 dz ſ Ͽ ̿ Դ ߲ () ġ Ǿ ῡ ̿ õ ϰ 簡 ´. 򢵵 ̸ ⿡ ̵Ǿ ̷а ü踦 dz̴. ׷Ƿ ί dz ϴ ذ , ̵ ˸ ̳ ѿ ӵǾ ̴. ׷ ί Ͽ ̸, ϱ⵵ ϰ, ߿ ()ϴ ڰ ִ.

ͧ û . ξµ, ίν ί ְ ѿ ֵ () ?(ȣ) ί ִ. ׷Ƿ ϴ ô ί ﱹ ϽŶ ƾ Ѵ.

3. ͧ ί

Ŷ ͧ ߲ί򤿡 ãƺ .
)-1 ( 67׸ )
)-2 Ҵ ˣ ٥ ( 65׸) ٤ ͺ

͸ ΰ л ұϰ شίɰ Ǿ ִ ̻ϴ. ⿡ ָǴ ()̴. Ͱ Ҽӵ ίɴ ٸ ƴ ̸, ñ ͸ 16̶ ȴ. װ ίɰ ε, ͸ ͷ Ϳ, ϸ ޾Ƶ鿩 (õ) ξ ƴѰ Ѵ.
͸ α ʫ  ߴ ˾ƺ. 켱 Ǿ (÷)̴. ÷ ɿ ؼ õҶ Ȥ Ӧ() Ҷ ¼ ִ. ù°,÷ Ͱ ϱ  . °, ÷ Ҹ. 濡 ̳ ޸ ÷ ƾ Ѵ. °, ÷뿡 ߴٸ  · ߴ ñ. (̿) ÷ ϱ⿡ ϸ ÷ αٿ 밡 ־ٰ Ͽ.
, ϰ Ḧ (-6,7) ּ Ұ Ͽ ʫ ǥ Ÿϴ.
ܰ ί ̾ϳ 簡 ǰڴµ, ί  Ḧ .
)-3 ݻ ة( بֺ 568 a.d)
( ο 縶һռ ɺ)
⿡ ԰ Բ ϴ ̵ ɿ Ļ ̶ ʴ. Ѱ Ÿ ̴ ܵ ̶ ٴ ƾ ̴. ӹ ū ִٰ ȴ. ȸ̰ () õ 䱸Ǵµ ̸ ñϼ װ ɷ ڸ ִ ̾. ̸ ñ õ ձ ȣϿ Ǿ Ȯ س ̴. ô븦 ұҼ ձ ϴ ɰ ũ, 󼭴 ڽ о߿ İ ְų Ǵ İ ִ.

4. ߾ͯ Ӵ

(shaman) ȭDZ () μ, ̷ ȭ ִ. () ΰǴ ̴ܰ. ߾ͯ 鿡 Ǹ, ڽ ܬ ż̹Ƿ () ̶ ִ.
ɿ ؼ Ұ bangaroof , (priest) (medicine man) ()(prophet) ݱ а迡 ǰ ִ. ̵ ٸ 쿡 󼭴 İ谡 ִ. ȯ ܻ ˾Ƹߴ ڿ, ġḦ ϸ , ̴. (physician) ʫ(astronomer) ʫ(Ž)(detective) ⵵ Ѵ. ɿ ù ܰ谡 (ordinary shaman) Ļ(weather shaman)̶ Ư ȸ ִ ̴. ۰(Ź) ''̳ ؼ (ܻ) Ѵٰ ϴ η ִµ, Ļ Ǵܹ ڿ ɼ ũ. ̿ ó ź Ͽ ڿ ȭŰ ΰ ġ, ġᳪ Ȯ Ǵ ݵȴ. ׸Ͽ 쿬 ߰߰ Ͽ κ ڪ ʵ, Ļκ ʵ ϰ ȴ.
׷ ί 츦 . ί ῡ ܻ 谡 Ͽ, ῡ õ ʴ´. ί 㰡 ʫ ϰ , ί ʫӿ Ͽ ̱⵵ ̰ ִ. ̰ Ļ شȴ.
ݱ ί ݿ Ͽ 캸Ҵ. ̵ ȭ ܰ μ Ǹ鼭 ϴ ί .


ί 㸦 Ͽ ׵ Ұ ΰ ̴.
Ŷ '߲?'(︶) '' Īȣ ߲? װͰ ԵȰμ, ̰ ұ 𮰡 ش. ߲? shaman ɼ ū, ̰ ߾ͯ Ӵ ϴ ϴ ̴. ߲? ʫμ, ί Բ ȭ ̴. ׷Ƿ Ӵ ߾ͯ ̵÷α ִ. ̿ ұ Ӵ ȭ ذ 緡 ϰ , Ŷ ־ ұ 뿡 ż ڿ ִ. ׷ մ̶ ⺻ ڿ Ͽ ΰ ϴ ̹Ƿ ΰ ߽Ͽ ȸ ϴ üδ Ѱ谡 ִ. Ŷ ί ῡ ұ () ִ ̷ ȭ ִ.

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